In various religions, the dove is an important symbol. In many cultures, the pigeon is given symbolic meaning: it is mainly a symbol of the spirit of life, breath and soul, as well as femininity and motherhood. Pigeons belonged to the goddesses of heaven and to the queens of the universe. In ancient cultures he symbolised femininity and motherhood; he belonged to the goddesses of heaven and to the queens of the universe. In the cultures of Pre-Asia the dove was associated with the fertility cult around the goddess Ischtar; in Phoenicia with the fertility goddess Astarte; in Greece with Aphrodite. In India and also in ancient Germanic cultures a black pigeon was considered as the bird of the soul, but more often than not as a symbol of death and misfortune. In China and Japan the dove stands for long life and for giving honour. In Egypt it stands for innocence. In the Greeks (and Romans) the dove represents love and the renewal of life.
In Hinduism pigeons are the messengers of the god of death. In the ancient Jewish temple service white pigeons were sacrificed as a sign of reconciliation and cleansing. In the ancient Persian religion the pigeon belonged to the god of war; but if he carried a sword, it meant a swift end to the battle. In the Tenach (the Jewish Bible, which Christians call the Old Testament) it is told how Noah released a dove after the Flood and how it returned with an exploding twig in its beak, symbol of reconciliation between God and man and of new life after death; since then it has become the symbol of peace and nowadays also the symbol of care for the environment and creation. The white dove is also a symbol of simplicity and purity. In Christianity, the dove is above all the symbol of the Holy Spirit. In the story of Jesus' baptism in the Jordan River it is told that the Holy Spirit descended upon him in the guise of a dove.
The vase is press-moulded with green patina. The pigeons are attached to the vase by means of 'application collées à chaud'. This is a technique in which glass parts are fused together by means of heating.